The need for a comprehensive regional approach to peace-making in Afghanistan has been recognized by the Afghans themselves, by their neighbours and by the major powers involved, such as the US, China, Russia and India. Practical efforts are being undertaken by the countries of the region to help bring an end to the Afghan crisis, says Professor Sergei Plekhanov (Politics, YCAR), who was a co-organizer of an April 2019 symposium at the University of Ottawa which launched a new research project aimed at facilitating these efforts. The project explores effective ways of leveraging Afghanistan’s unique geographic location and its relationships with its neighbours to achieve peace, reconciliation and recovery in the country which has been at war for four decades.
Sponsored by York Centre for Asian Research in collaboration with University of Ottawa’s Centre for International Policy Studies (CIPS), the two-day event, “Seeking New Roads to Peace in Afghanistan: An Integrated National-Regional Approach,” involved ten experts from York and the University of Ottawa, Global Affairs Canada, the University of British Columbia, a leading research centre in Kabul, Afghanistan, and the Stimson Center in Washington, DC.
“The symposium’s goals were to discuss the project’s conceptual approach, form the core group of participants and plan for the next stage,” said Plekhanov.
The concept of an Integrated National-Regional Approach was worked out by Plekhanov, Humayun Hamidzada (YCAR), and Nipa Banerjee (CIPS). At the symposium, the concept was tested through a review of Afghanistan’s relations with its neighbours and the effect of those relations on the domestic situation in the country.
The new study launched by YCAR and its associates addresses the need for an adequate conceptual framework that could make these efforts more effective.
“The discussions at the symposium were informed, intensive and productive. Most participants found the proposed approach promising and agreed to contribute their efforts to the project’s implementation,” said Plekhanov.
The project’s core group now represents four research centres: YCAR (South and Central Asia Project), CIPS, the Organization for Policy Research and Development Studies (DROPS, Kabul), and the Institute of Asian Research (Greater Central Asia Initiative).
A research report summarizing the deliberations at the symposium is currently under preparation and will be available on the project web site (https://ycar.apps01.yorku.ca/programmes-projects/new-roads-peace-afghanistan/) in Fall 2019.
“The new project extends the scope of YCAR’s activities to include research on regional issues at the intersection of South and Central Asia,” says Plekhanov.